Child Sexual Abuse?
abuse is defined as any sexual conduct with
a child by an adult, adolescent, or older
child. Be aware of age, size, social or
power differences between two children.
Offenses may include:
a child’s genitals or asking a child to
touch someone else’s genitals.
sexual games. (Pants-Down or Doctor)
a child to be sexual with animals.
oral or anal intercourse.
a child into prostitution.
Offenses may include:
pornography to a child.
Photographing a child in sexual poses.
Encouraging a child to watch or hear
Voyeurism. (Peeping Tom)
or emotional abuse of a sexual nature
(e.g. making fun of a child’s body
parts, calling a child “slut”, etc.).
Should I Know?
- In 90%
of child sexual abuse cases, the child
knows and trusts the person who commits
of all abusers are under the age of 18.
- One in
four girls and one in seven boys are
sexually abused before the age of 18.
- 84% of
sexual abuse is never reported.
Abuse and Neglect Information
for Child Care Providers
Child abuse and neglect can be difficult to
recognize, especially if the victim is too
young to talk about the abuse and identify
the person responsible for it. A child care
providers’ frequent contacts with children
puts him/her in a good position to recognize
victimized children. Child care providers
are legally mandated reporters of suspected
child abuse and neglect. Child care
professionals concerned about the safety and
well-being of a child can play a major role
in the nurturing of children by recognizing
the potential effects that child abuse and
neglect can have on a child’s growth and
The following signs of abuse and neglect can
be observed in
the child care setting:
child tells you about an abusive or
or injuries are evident after an
absence. (Abusive parents may keep
children home after a beating in an
effort to conceal bruises or injuries.)
are sudden changes in the child’s
child wears clothing inappropriate to
the weather to cover their body.
child displays consistent hunger and/or
child frequently complains of pain
and/or injury without apparent injury or
child turns to strangers
indiscriminately for affection.
child does not look to the parents for
relief from discomfort.
child seems afraid to go home.
child expresses a belief that, “I am
bad”, or that, “I deserved it”
(regarding excessive punishment).
child displays destructive or cruel
child re-enacts the abuse using dolls,
drawings or friends.
child has detailed and age-inappropriate
understanding of sexual behavior.
the Physical and Behavioral Signs?
Children who may be too frightened to talk
about sexual molestation may exhibit a
variety of physical and behavioral signals.
Any or several of these signs may be
signs of sexual abuse are not common,
although redness, rashes or swelling in
the genital area, urinary tract
infections or other such symptoms should
be carefully investigated. Also,
physical problems associated with
anxiety, such as chronic stomach pain or
headaches, may occur.
Emotional or behavioral signals are more
common. These can run from “too perfect”
behavior, to withdrawal and depression,
to unexplained anger and rebellion.
behavior and language that are not
age-appropriate can be a red flag.
aggressive behavior toward adults or
- Fear of
a person or an intense dislike at being
left somewhere or with someone.
“It can’t happen
in my family or child care setting.
I could tell if someone I know is an
Yet at least 90% of the victims know their
What do I
Watch for When Adults/Adolescents
are With Children?
Have you ever seen someone playing with a
child or giving a child unwanted attention
and felt uncomfortable with it?
Don’t ignore the behavior; learn the warning
Do you know an adult or an older child
to let a child set any of his or her own
on hugging, touching, kissing, tickling,
wrestling with, or holding a child even
when the child clearly does not want
overly interested in the sexuality of a
particular child or teen; talks
repeatedly about the child’s developing
body or interferes with normal teen
to get time alone or insists on time
alone with a child with no
most of his/her spare time with children
and has little interest in spending time
with someone his own age?
children gifts or gives them money for
no apparent reason?
- Walks in
on children or teens using the bathroom?
children or teens to consistently get
away with inappropriate sexualized
answered “yes” to some of these questions,
talk to that person. If you are
uncomfortable, but don’t see these signs, be
sure to trust your instincts and ask
Whatever your level of discomfort, take
special note of the activities and
whereabouts of the child and
adult/adolescent in question. Protect the
child from unwanted or uncomfortable
situations and believe the child if they
tell you they don’t want to be around a
Notify the county social services child
protection division or law enforcement if
you believe the child has been abused.
Alliance for Children’s Justice at:
PREVENT CHILD ABUSE NORTH DAKOTA
701-223-9052 OR 1-800-403-9932
for information on:
Voices of North Dakota:
Authentic Voices of ND provides
opportunities for survivors and others
impacted by any form of child sexual abuse,
child abuse or neglect to educate adults and
protect children by sharing their voice.
Participate in opportunities to educate
protect children by sharing your voice!
To learn more about child sexual abuse:
Call to schedule the presentation
“Once Can Hurt A Lifetime”
701-223-9052 or 1-800-403-9932
Educational presentations and materials
are available on the topics of child abuse,
child sexual abuse, and neglect from
Prevent Child Abuse North Dakota.
have the power to stop it.